Ethics

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Ethics – where do we get the raw materials for Carbons from?

The question regarding the sourcing of raw materials for our sheepskin Carbons™ is an important one.

Your concerns are valid! 

Some farmers have been using a practice known as Mulesing involving removal of skin from a sheep’s hindquarters.

We do not buy wool from these types of farmers as we believe Mulesing to be inhumane.

We admire and value our concerned customers and would like to take this opportunity to give you some information.

The natural materials we use are industry by-products of sheep used for the production of food. We do not condone the slaughter of animals simply for their skins and only buy leather from reputable tanneries that follow our ethos.

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Why Wool?

 

Wool is a “wonderfibre” and science has yet to produce a fibre with all the properties of wool:

 

  • Wool the “Natural thermal isolator”. Wool traps the air between its fibres, this ensures excellent isolation against both heat loss or heat gain.
  • The porous fibres of wool allow for it to absorb up to a third of its weight in moisture, but because it has a high porosity, the wool fibre efficiently evaporates moisture too, ensuring a comfortable dry skin and even body temperature.
  • Wool is both elastic and resilient. The natural strong wool fibre acts like small springs, spreading body pressure and reducing pressure points.
  • Wool Keeps Your Heart Rate Low. A study conducted by scientists at the Polytechnic Institute of Wales measured the effects of many fibers on human subjects as they slept. Not only did they find that the wool fibers tended to keep the skin drier, they were amazed to discover that the subjects using wool-fill comforters actually had lower heart rates. A lower heart rate indicates that the sleeper is in a deep, relaxed state. The test subjects with other fibers either maintained the same heart rate or exhibited an elevated rate.
  • Natural. In environmentally conscious times, wools sustainable and biodegradable properties are highly marketable. Refined over time wool fibre is inherently natural, biodegradable and sustainable*. Wool is a natural fibre. Wool has evolved over time to become one of the most effective natural forms of all-weather protection known to man.
  • Biodegradable. When a natural wool fibre is disposed of it takes only a few years to decompose. Most synthetics, on the other hand, are extremely slow to degrade.
  • Sustainable. Every year sheep produce a new fleece, making Merino wool a renewable fibre source. Wool growers actively work to improve efficiency and care for natural resources, endeavouring to make the wool industry sustainable for future generations.
  • Resistance to Flame. Because wool contains moisture in every fiber, it resists flame without chemical treatment. Instead of burning freely when touched by flame, wool chars and stops burning when it is removed from the source of the flame. Wool is self-extinguishing; it will not support combustion. This is why wool blankets are recommended for use in extinguishing small fires. More importantly, when wool burns it doesn’t melt and stick to the skin. That’s why some fire-fighters’ uniforms are made from wool and why it’s an excellent fabric for bedding.
  • Odor Control. There are a number of aspects of the physical and chemical structure of Merino that make it naturally more resistant to odours than other textiles, especially synthetics.
  • No Microbial attraction – Studies have shown that bacteria are more attracted to the smooth, positively charged surface of a synthetic fiber than the scaly surface of a Merino fiber which carries no charge.
  • Wool Has A Natural Resistance To Mildew. This is possible because wool is a natural wicking fiber. The wool fibers actually allow moisture to pass through without retaining any of the moisture in the wool itself. Mold and Mildew cannot survive without a damp environment to grow upon. Furthermore, the only way that mold or mildew can grow on wool is if the wool is immersed in water which wouldn’t allow for air circulation.
  • UV Protection. Testing of various textiles shows that wool has a natural UV protection factor of 30+ in more than 70% of cases, much higher than most synthetics and cotton. For harsh summers, merino activewear helps protect against the sun’s potentially deadly rays.
  • Wool is non-allergic, i.e no scientific proof exists that people have an allergy for wool.
  • Fiber Absorbency Wool is a year-round fiber. Wool can easily absorb up to 30 percent of its weight in moisture without feeling damp or clammy. The ability of wool to absorb moisture makes it comfortable in both warm and cold conditions. By absorbing perspiration, wool enhances the body’s own cooling system and helps keep the skin dry. This characteristic makes wool a versatile all-season fabric. Wool is a hygroscopic fiber; it takes up moisture in vapor form. Tiny pores in the epicuticle make the fiber semi-permeable, allowing vapor to pass through to the heart of the fiber. Wool can easily absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling damp or clammy. The capacity to absorb makes wool a “temperature regulator” because it can protect the body in both cold and warm conditions. Wool always absorbs moisture from the atmosphere of greater humidity and releases it to the drier environment as it creates a balance in moisture conditions. This characteristic makes wool a versatile all-season fabric. Wool absorbs perspiration; thus it keeps a layer of dry air next to the skin which, in turn, helps to hold in body heat. As wool absorbs atmospheric moisture, the hydrogen bond of water is broken and chemically reacts with molecules of the wool to generate heat. Wool garments are therefore regarded as good protection against hypothermia… a condition that occurs when sudden drastic lowering of body temperature causes the body to lose heat faster than it can be produced. The same principle of moisture contact on the skin acts to protect against hot weather as well. The body cools itself naturally with the evaporation of perspiration. Wool expedites this process by absorbing perspiration and keeping the same dry air next to the skin. This is why wool clothing is worn throughout the desert regions of the world where it’s hot during the day and cool at night.

 

If you have any questions or concerns please feel free to chat to us: sales@carbonsouthafrica.co.za